It is not often that theologians can agree upon the date of authorship of a text, but Psalm 137 is an exception. It is widely accepted that this psalm was written during or shortly after the exilic waves of the Southern Kingdom during the Babylonian captivity of 597 BCE and 587 BCE , extending to 538 BCE . While no specific author is identified as the author of Psalm 137, it certainly is not King David due to the time elapse from King David’s reign and the Babylonian Captivity. The anguish described in the beginning of the Psalm paired with the vengeful remarks at the end of the Psalm, in addition to the reference to Babylon while the writer’s heart longs for Zion undoubtedly make this Psalm a description of the exile written during or shortly
Psalm 18 is the third longest of all the psalms and is one of the few to contain an extensive heading. This psalm also has a parallel text found in 2 Samuel 22 providing further information and highlighting its importance to the Israelite people. The text speaks of David’s military victories but the emphasis is not on himself but on the victory that was won through God’s power and might. God is shown to be a saving God, something present day Christians cling to daily.
The title of the Psalm is not always a direct indicator of who the author was because the preposition “of,” “to,” and “for”. They are all the same in Hebrew. For example, if the title of the psalm was “Psalm of David” it could have been a psalm that he wrote himself. It also could have been one that
The word psalm is originated of the Greek word Psalms, which is a striking of pious song, according to www.biblestudytoll.com. The psalms are spiritual, hymn and the melody of the heart. They were originally composed to be accompanied by a musical instrument. David for example used the harp to go with them. The writing of the psalm took many centuries, going from the period where Moses was living through Salomon, the son of David. In fact, according to Chuck on his audio message, “Individual psalms were written as far back in history as Moses’s time, through the time of David, Asaph, and Solomon, to the time of the Ezrahites who most likely lived after the Babylonian captivity, meaning the writing of the book spans one thousand years. According to the fact that the psalms were written during a thousand years, that means
Spurgeon, Charles H. "Commentary on Psalms 23." "C.H. Spurgeons's The Treasury of David." http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tod/view.cgi?bk=18&ch=23." 1865-1885, http://spurgeon.org/treasury/ps023.htm.
Genre: The genre of Psalm 139 is Hebrew poetry, simply because the psalms were written in Hebrew and are a collection of poems and laments. The first principle of interoperation is that the psalms blend experience, emotion, and theology. This should be taken into account while reading the poem in order that the reader does not simply skip over the theology by only focusing on experience and emotion. The second interoperation principle is that each psalm should be read as a whole. Verses of psalms should not be taken out of context, in doing this the reader may distort the meaning of the psalm. Another interpretation principle to take into consideration is the different genres of psalms such as: laments, thanksgiving, hymns of praise, wisdom, and songs of trust. With that being said, Psalm 139 not only falls under the Hebrew poetry genre, but is also classified as a psalm of trust. Lastly, the fourth interpretation principle is that parallelisms are used. In other words, ideas correlate in many different ways such as: synonymously, antithesis, intensifying, specifying, and synthetically.
This Psalm is the longest and has 196 verses. When I read it, I feel like the verses keep coming, no ending. It’s like a continuous praise or prayer. Psalmist cannot stop praising God, for God is so great. Psalmist well arranged by 22 paragraphs according to 22 Hebrew letters. The structure help people to remember it and hidden God’s
This is followed by David’s petition and call to God to deliver him from his situation and to take revenge on his enemies. He ends his lament with a praise to God that salvation is God’s decision, and not man’s. This differs from the psalmist’s initial belief that only specific people can receive
Comparison of three sections of Psalm 119 will show how the Psalm repeats the same theme throughout the work. This shows that the repetition is helpful in remembering the reason for follow God’s laws. The first section is 119:1-8 and will show the message the psalmist trying to convey. The second section is 119:33-40 and this will show that God is our teacher and one way to learn is to follow God’s instructions. The third section is 119:65-72 this conveys that life is found in the openness of God’s instruction. All these sections together
Psalm 117 is both the shortest Psalm in the Psalter and the shortest chapter in the entire Bible. This psalm which is very little in its letter is exceedingly large in its spirit, for, bursting all bounds of race or nationality. Psalm 117 calls upon all mankind to praise the name of the Lord. Moreover, in this psalm 117 it deals with Israel’s Yahweh has uniquely displayed his covenant loyalty and in doing so his purpose for all nations has been disclosed. Psalm 117 has a part of a sextet of songs; we can see this pattern from Psalms 113 to 118 known as the “Egyptian Hallel” which was built around the emphasis of Psalm 114 the celebration of the Exodus. I seemed these six psalms songs were sung in the synagogue where Hebrews gathered to celebrate the Passover. God’s is a great act of salvation on their behalf. In Psalms 113 and 114 were sung before the memorial meal, and Psalms 115-118 were sung afterwards. I think Jesus and His disciples would have sung these very psalms on the night they celebrated the Passover, just before His betrayal and arrest (Matt 26:30; Mark 14:26).
Whereas particular scholar credit king David with the writing of Psalms, this is a misnomer as the books themselves list other individuals as authors including Moses (Tullock, & McEntire, 2012). Moreover, Psalms 29 is an adaptation of a song referring to Baal that transposed the name of God into Baal’s place. This psalm’s initial arrangement relates roughly to the period of 1400 B.C.E. as the time it was composed. Additionally, biblical scholars believe that Psalms 137 ties to the Exilic period of Israel’s existence within roughly within the fifth century.
Psalm sings the old creation story into the present, rejocing again in being made “little less than divine,” which means having “dominion” over the works of God's hands, over all creation. The repetitions are what is man, verse 4. However the portrait of humans in this section is much like the one in gensis 1:1-2:4a and 2:4b025. The image of God bestowed on humans in Genesis 1:26-28 is defined by human dominion. In Genesis 2:15 where God makes the human the caretaker of the earth. Therefore Psalm 8 describes the unique place of humans in terms of the human place over other creatures. The language of Psalm 8:5-8 suggest that humans are loyal creatures. In Egyot Pharaoh was described as the “son of God,” as one who represent the deity on earth. However in other arts of the Old Testament the isrealite king is described in similar ways. Second Samuel 7 calls david God's son when God appoints him to his office. Psalm 89:25 presents David as the earthly representstive of God's reihn from heaven. The final verse contains the same words as the first line of the psalm
The authorship of Psalm 119 remains unknown. Most scholars believe the author to be King David because of its Davidic tone and expression. It is also assumed that this Psalm is written over a period of someone’s life, as it shows maturity as the Psalm progresses (Bible hub). Regardless of the identity of the Psalmist, Psalm 119 has very special and unique qualities. Psalm 119 is not only the longest chapter in the book of Psalms, but of the entire Bible. Some believe that since Psalm 119 is the longest chapter of the Bible, it shows the priority of God’s Word to God. (bible.org) Although Psalm 119 is quite a long chapter, it is written in a format that allows the reader to study and follow the structure of the psalm with ease. This specific Psalm is written in the form of an acrostic poem, meaning each section begins with a letter from the alphabet. In this case, each section, made up of eight verses, begin with each of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Thus, the first eight couplets begin with aleph (A), the next eight begin with beth (B), then so forth in the same suit. (bible.org)