One in every 1000 children who contract measles will develop encephalitis, one in 1000 children will die from it, and 25% will have neurological brain damage (National Center for Immunizations n.d.). Morbidity: The most common is ear infections--one in every 20 people with measles will have permanent hearing damage (CDC, 2015). Expectant mothers who contract the disease can go into premature labor and birth, have a spontaneous abortion, or deliver a low birth weight baby.
Measles, is a highly contagious viral illness that is characterized by a prodrome of fever, malaise, cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis and then is followed by a maculopapular rash (Kutty et al., 2014). Most persons contracting the virus recover completely, but there are some possible severe complications and these include pneumonia, encephalitis and death (Kutty et al., 2014). Kutty et al. (2014) reported deaths from the measles as approximately two to three deaths for every 1,000 reported cases.
According to World Health Organization (WHO) immunization is proven to be effective in controlling and eliminating life-threatening infectious diseases. It is estimated to avert between two and three million deaths worldwide annually. Health protection Agency (HPA) claims that after clean water, immunization is the most effective public health intervention in the world for saving lives and promoting good health (Hill & Cox, 2013). Despite of all these advantages to immunization decision making to immunize children is not an easy process for some parents. Immunization and controversies surrounding it have been causing many health issues in the society. There has been many ongoing controversy surrounding measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and their relationship to Autism Spectrum Disorder. According to Center of Disease Center Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that is caused by differences in how the brain functions. People with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with social interaction and they may
The most serious of these is obviously death, and people can and do die from measles; there are 1 million deaths worldwide caused by measles.
In early April 2013 a measles outbreak was discovered in North Carolina. By mid-May the outbreak had been identified in Stokes and Orange Counties via 23 active cases. Every case was linked back to a family that had spent 3 months in India and had not been vaccinated. By the 16th of April the state laboratory of Public Health was able to confirm the diagnosis, with the last known case being confirmed on May 7th. The investigation of this outbreak revealed 4 patients with a confirmed diagnosis that had received one of vaccination of the two part series. The other 19 cases had not ever been vaccinated.
Anyone that has not been vaccinated with the MMR vaccine is at risk for contracting measles. Other risk factors are vitamin A deficiency and traveling to third world countries. Coming in contact with someone that has this disease can increase your risk as well.
The new trend of parents not having their children vaccinated for measles is causing harm to the child and contributing to future outbreaks of the disease.
As of January 2015, it was reported that at least two dozen people were infected with Measles between
The American Health Association has also been working hard to remind Americans that without vaccinations throughout our population, preventable – and serious – diseases could once again rise in our schools and homes. Indeed a recent outbreak of measles in Minnesota is but one of recent outbreaks in developed countries.
In December of 2014, an outbreak of measles, which started in Disneyland, resulted in nearly two hundred people being sickened across the United States, Mexico, and Canada. The highly contagious respiratory disease spread for three months. Among those who contracted the illness, one developed severe pneumonia and multiple organ injury, while another suffered acute respiratory distress syndrome. So, why did an illness, which was purportedly eliminated sixteen years ago, experience a surge so dramatic that it caused more cases in 2014 than in the five preceding years combined? According to the CDC, the outbreak could be boiled down to one simple reason: “The majority of people were unvaccinated.” So while the California measles outbreak is a thing of the past, the fight to increase compliance with vaccinations continues. Although the benefits and safety of vaccinations are undisputed by the medical and scientific community, there are still sizeable groups of “anti-vaxxers” who refuse to vaccinate their children. These groups spread misconceptions, sometimes unknowingly, and become even more influential when coupled with the power of the internet and social media. Therefore, in order to increase compliance with routine vaccinations, the misconceptions of parents should be targeted, and legislation should be changed in order to prevent leniency and loopholes regarding vaccine exemptions.
We have all heard the old saying a bad apple can spoil the whole barrel. However, now there is research to prove it, at least in work situations . In the podcast, Ira Felps speaks to a professor in the Netherlands, who created an experiment to see what happens to productivity when a bad worker joins a team. Felps separated people into small groups and then gave them a task. One member of the group was an actor, after a short amount of time the rest of the group started behaving like the bad apples as well. The next part of the podcast talked about measles vaccinations. Measles cases are higher than they've been in decades mainly because more parents are nervous and refusing to vaccinate their children. Recently, an unvaccinated 7-year-old boy
b) Just in 2013, measles has officially killed more than 100 children in Pakistan, almost 20 children in Nigeria, and sickened more than 2,000 children in China. In 2012, the United Kingdom reported the most elevated number of new cases in 18 years. The U.S. reported an incredible 222 measles cases in 2011, up from a normal of 60 cases (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention 168).
Wolfson stated in his interview “Measles is not a big deal.” Measles outbreak in the United States has increased tremendously since parents refuse to have their children vaccinated. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published a report, “Measles Cases and Outbreaks,” that shows how the measles cases have been increase nationwide.
Let 's say your child is sick and you do not understand why. The symptoms your child is showing are similar to that of the flu. You took your child to the hospital to find out that your child has the measles, a disease that is usually avoided with a vaccination. At the time you did not believe that your child needed to be vaccinated, but now that your child has contracted something that was preventable you regret your decision. The Measles vaccination has been in America since 1965 stated by the American Journal of Public Health. (Hendriks, Blume, 2013) Measles start off with flu like symptoms and it usually takes a few days for the physical part of the measles to appear. It does however disappear within two or three weeks after all the symptoms appear, but the possibility of having pneumonia or brain inflammation is high.