Facts and figures available to study the epidemiological data for the outbreak of measles include gathering suspected and confirmed cases of this disease from the World Health Organization. This is done by gathering serum samples from all suspected cases to determine if a measles specific immunoglobulin antibody is detected. This particular disease lives in the nose and throat of the infected individual and is considered contagious for a period of four days before the rash appears and for a further four days after the sighting of the rash.
Imagine traveling to the “Happiest Place on Earth”, Disneyland, with your family. While you are there a person that has not been vaccinated is walking around with the measles virus in their system. While that person shows no signs or symptoms of the measles, they are infecting others that haven’t
According to the Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine Preventable Diseases textbook aka “The Pink Book” (2015) which was produced jointly by the Communication and Education Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Measles is a paramyxovirus with the primary site of infection in the nasopharynx. It has an incubation period of 10-12 days. The first symptoms to occur are fevers (increasing stepwise 103-105 degrees), cough, runny nose and conjunctivitis approximately 2-3 days after exposure and last 2-4 days. The second part of the infection occurs approximately 14 days after exposure; which is evidence by Koplik spots on the oral mucosa. Then, 1-2 days later, a maculopapular rash develops along the hair line, face,
Measles Outbreak 2013 Amanda Beasley Western Governor’s University Describe a Specific Communicable Disease Outbreak In early April 2013 a measles outbreak was discovered in North Carolina. By mid-May the outbreak had been identified in Stokes and Orange Counties via 23 active cases. Every case was linked back to a family that had spent 3 months in India and had not been vaccinated. By the 16th of April the state laboratory of Public Health was able to confirm the diagnosis, with the last known case being confirmed on May 7th. The investigation of this outbreak revealed 4 patients with a confirmed diagnosis that had received one of vaccination of the two part series. The other 19 cases had not ever been vaccinated.
Countries involved, dates discovered, and dates reached In December of 2014 a measles outbreak started in California at Disneyland. Though the source of the virus has not been identified, the strain of the virus (B3) is the same strain of virus that caused a measles outbreak in the Philippines. This is one possibility of the mode of transportation, coming internationally from the Philippines. One hundred seventy-three people were infected with the virus in 21 states. Of those, 39 were directly linked to the park while the rest were primary and secondary exposures. California, Arizona, Colorado, Nebraska, Oregon, Utah, and Washington were some of the states with measles associated with the Disneyland outbreak. By January 2015, Mexico had an outbreak from a 22-month-old baby that had connection to Disneyland Park and 53 people there were infected. The measles virus continued to spread throughout the States until February
Therefore, anyone entering the area has a high probability of contracting the virus through the respiratory system or even by touching a surface contaminated with the droplets and then touching their mouth, nose, or eyes ("Transmission of Measles," 2015). The risk factors are high for a Measles outbreak in a community in that an anti-vaccination movement has become popular among some parents who believe that vaccinations can be bad for their children. Statistics show that most of the non-vaccinated children that become exposed to the virus will more than likely acquire the virus (Ross, 2015).
The American Health Association has also been working hard to remind Americans that without vaccinations throughout our population, preventable – and serious – diseases could once again rise in our schools and homes. Indeed a recent outbreak of measles in Minnesota is but one of recent outbreaks in developed countries.
What are Measles? According to Center of Disease Control, Measles start, “Three to five days after symptoms begin,” then, “a rash breaks out.” Measles are very contagious because if a person sneezes, coughs, or is even breathing next to you, you would most likely get it. Like Center of Disease Control says, “It usually begins as flat red spots that appear on the face at the hairline”. It starts from there and works its way down. To conclude,
Measles Outbreak: Some Differing Views In Michelle Fox’s article, Expect measles outbreak to continue, says doctor, Dr. William Schaffner, Vanderbilt University’s School of Medicine, says that the outbreak will continue for some time because there is a sufficient number of unvaccinated children to continue the spread of measles. According to the CDC, there have been 84 cases of measles and 67 of those have been linked to the outbreak at Disney. Dr. Schaffner also reiterates that measles can be brought to the United States from overseas. If someone from another country comes here with measles and is around unvaccinated children, there is potential to spread the disease.
The virus is infecting more people in developing countries like Africa, because they share things like needles and water, which is the perfect environment for the Mumps virus to spread. This map will indicate the global distribution of the Mumps virus by showing places that do not possess the MMR vaccine.
Patients that are contracted by this disease don’t actually become ill until about 7-18 day after they are infected by the virus(Carson-DeWitt). The most contagious time period is the three to five days before symptoms begin through about four days after the characteristic measles rash has begun to appear(Carson-DeWitt). A few days after the first few symptoms, a rash appears in the mouth, mainly on the mucous membrane that lines the cheeks(Carson-DeWitt). The rash is made of tiny white dots on
Measles is an airborne disease that is spread through respiration (contact with fluids from an infected person's nose and mouth, either directly or through aerosol transmission (coughing or sneezing)), and is highly contagious—90% of people without immunity sharing living space with an infected person will catch it. An asymptomatic incubation
If you have ever had the flu, you know how contagious it can be. You would generally try to stay in bed and keep your sickness contained. The measles is extremely contagious, if single person contracts the disease, 90% of the people who are close to them, who are not immune, will also become infected with the measles. People of the United should get the measles vaccination because of how high the contagion rate is. If an outbreak were to break out over half the people you know would become infected! How does the measles affect you and your loved ones? First, I will explain the disease in depth, then I will tell you why you should get the vaccination, and finally I will tell you how to get the vaccination.
The measles is a skin disease that can spread through contact with saliva or mucous, but it can also be spread throughout the air by a person sneezing or coughing. The disease can live on a person for several hours. It can sit on surface from traveling in the air and can come in contact with people within a close proximity. You can prevent the measles with a dose of immunoglobulin. Mostly little kids are at risk for measles if you don’t vaccinate them early. There are several symptoms for the measles. The many symptoms include coughing, fever, red eyes, light sensitivity, muscle aches, a runny nose, sore throat, and finally white spots in the mouth. Some things can put you at risk for getting the measles for example, if you have too Vitamin
Presentation Plan I. Introduction A. Audience hook: In 2014, the U.S experienced a record number of cases of measles, mostly from the Philippines. Most were unvaccinated and most were from international travel.