Measures to Fight Crime and Prevent Terrorism in European Countries: Employing Public Video Surveillance

3692 Words Jul 29th, 2013 15 Pages
Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Foreign studies
It has been stated that many European countries now employ public video surveillance as a primary tool to monitor population movements and to prevent terrorism. The United Kingdom (UK) in particular relies extensively on video surveillance as a tool to fight crime and prevent terrorism. According to some researchers, the camera surveillance systems in the UK are discouraging and thus preventing crime. Public video surveillance in the UK began very unassumingly in 1986, on a single square mile industrial estate outside the English town of Kings Lynn. Three CCTV video surveillance cameras were used and their impact was immediate. In the years before the cameras were installed, there had
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There is extensive academic literature on the subject—studies carried out over many years—and that research strongly indicates the following: (1) Meta-analyses (studies that average the results of multiple studies) in the UK show that video surveillance has no statistically significant impact on crime. (2) Preliminary studies on video surveillance systems in the US show little to no positive impact on crime. This White Paper is based upon a literature review of independent studies on the effect of video surveillance on crime rates from 2000 to 2008, particularly meta-analyses that aggregate data from several studies. It surveys what these meta-analyses have found, the methodological difficulties of studying video surveillance systems in isolation, and preliminary results from studies in the US. The major findings of these studies should, at a minimum, be part of the debate around surveillance cameras. (John D. Woodward, “Privacy vs. Security: Electronic Surveillance in the Nation’s Capital,” RAND Corporation CT-194, 2002)
Difficulties of studying surveillance systems
Measuring the success of public video surveillance systems is complex, because there are always innumerable factors that can explain a rise or fall in crime rates. Simply showing an increase or decrease in reported crime in an area under surveillance does not take into