Measuring Student Intelligence : Measuring Students Intelligence Tests

2124 Words Oct 19th, 2014 9 Pages
Measuring student intelligence has been problematic since it began in the early 1900’s. The use of intelligence tests has created debate over where or not tests are biased.
Alfred Binet helped develop the first intelligence tests in the early 1900’s in France. The tests were developed to help determine which students were the most likely to experience difficulty in school. Schools wanted to identify the children who needed specialized assistance in school because the new French law required that all children attend school. Binet began working with Theodore Simon to develop questions. The test questions focused on attention, memory, and problem solving skills, which were all skills that were not taught in school. The focus on these skills was thought to be the best predictors of success in school. Binet and Simon learned that some children were able to answer advanced questions that older children were generally able to answer whereas some same age children were only able to answer questions that only younger children could typically answer. This realization helped Binet and Simon develop the concept of mental age. Mental age refers to the measure of intelligence based on the average abilities of children of a certain age group (Cherry, 2014).
The first intelligence test, the Binet-Simon scale, became the basis for the intelligence tests that are still in use today. “Binet himself did not believe that his psychometric instruments could be used to measure a single, permanent…
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