Media Eating Disorders

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Introduction The aim of this literature review is to describe the main causes of eating disorders among teenagers aged 12 to 18 years old in high schools globally, and to also explain to what extend do some of these causes influence eating disoders. Recent studies have indicated a major increase in the eating disorder habits and body dissatisfaction in adolescence over the past few decades. This crisis seems most prevalent in females`` than males with 20 percent high school females exhibiting poor eating habits and about 60 percent undergone weight loss attempt (Pritchard and Wilson, 2005). Most affected youngsters endeavor various solutions to cope with this dilemma and in most cases, drug and alcohol abuse and suicide are the worst…show more content…
Additionally, Tiggemann (2001) explained that high levels of stress and the development of eating disorders are connected because in the end, these victims develop coping strategies which may often leads to poor health habits such as alcohol and drug abuse. Therefore sporting activities influence the way adolescence rate their images to a greater extend (Tiggemann, 2001). Separation Anxiety Barth (2003) states that, “It sometimes seems that the college experience is tailor-made for the development of eating disorders.” This is usually because many youngsters move away from home to face adult life. This development stage can be exciting and rewarding but also at times difficult. Again, this has an ongoing attempt towards a balance between fear of loneliness and separation and wish for connection and attachment from family to new peers. As a result of coping with emotions, starving, binge eating or excess exercises are practiced. Barth (2003) believes that every eating related symptom results in desperate psychological, emotional, social, physical and cultural factors. Geller at el (2003) describes an example where Marci a teenager shared her previous separation experience like camp. It appeared that the family had not discussed the issue, they had assumed all would be well and therefore she had been frightened but had kept the concerns to herself. In turn she coped with loneliness by binge eating. Therefore Geller at el (2003) concluded that, if
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