Medical Assignment: Bacterial Meningitis

585 Words2 Pages
At least in the United States, bacterial meningitis is declining as a public health issue. However, that being said it still is a serious medical condition that continues to have the potential of high mortality and morbidity. Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, medically called the meninges. This inflammation may be caused by virus, bacteria, certain microorganisms, and even by certain drugs. The reason it is so serious is due to the proximity to the brain and spinal cord, which causes the condition to remain a serious medical emergency (Bamberger, 2010). For most individuals, common symptoms of meningitis include severe headaches and neck-aches with high fever. Patients usually are in a state of confusion or altered consciousness with an inability to tolerate light, loud noises, strong smells, and drowsiness. When children are infected they usually have fewer symptoms, but often have a rash, pointing to a specific type of meningitis infection. Typically, the provider must perform a lumbar puncture to diagnosis and a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid is examined for viruses or bacteria. "Age, immunosuppression and neurosurgical procedures increase the likelihood of infection from specific pathogens" (Bamberger, p. 1491). Use of antibiotics and other aggressive treatments have reduced mortality in the developed world to 21%, but even more so, aggressive therapies and immediate use of stronger antibiotics/antiviral
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