Medical Diagnosis Of Heart Failure

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The sarcoplasmic reticulum is the major intracellular site for calcium release and storage in the myocyte. In the heart failure, the movement of calcium ions in and out of the cell is no longer effective. These changes in calcium handling lead to alterations in myocyte contraction and relaxation, which will contribute to worsening diastolic dysfunction in heart failure (Karch, 2013). Medical Diagnosis of Heart Failure The diagnostic methods in heart failure are directed toward establishing the cause of the disorder and determining the extent of the dysfunction (Grossman & Porth, 2014). The methods used in the diagnosis of heart failure include risk factor assessment, history and physical examination, laboratory studies,…show more content…
Electrocardiography can be used to detect underlying disorders of cardiac rhythm, or conduction abnormalities. Chest x-rays provide information about the size and shape of the heart and pulmonary vasculature and the presence of pulmonary edema (Grossman & Porth, 2014). Radionuclide ventriculography and cardiac angiography are recommended to detect CAD as the underlying cause of heart failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) and cardiac computed tomography (CCT) are used to document ejection fraction, ventricular preload, and regional wall motion (Grossman & Porth, 2014). The monitoring methods include central venous pressure (CVP), pulmonary artery pressure monitoring, thermodilution measurements of cardiac output, and intra-arterial measurements of blood pressure are used in the acute, life threatening episodes of heart failure (Grossman & Porth, 2014). After a complete physical examination and history collection and by verifying the results of laboratory studies, chest x-ray, echocardiogram and CT scan, the diagnosis of heart failure is formulated for the patient S.K. Management of Heart Failure The goals of treatment for heart failure are determined by the rapidity of onset and severity of the heart failure and directed towards relieving the symptoms, improving the quality of life, and reducing or eliminating the risk factors (Grossman & Porth, 2014). There are
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