Medical Models Of Health Care Professionals

1750 Words Jul 20th, 2015 7 Pages
Given the diversity of health care professionals, it is no surprise that a number of very different models of health have been developed and that each represents a fairly unique perspective on health, disability, and disease.

Biomedical model: Advantages and Disadvantages
One of the traditional medical models of care which has dominated healthcare for the past century is the biomedical model. It is an approach which defines health as the absence of disease1, portraying the human organism as either functioning ‘normally’ or else dysfunctional and therefore diseased2. It also believed that all symptoms and signs arise from an underlying abnormality within the body (usually in the functioning or structure of specific organs)1.

The biomedical model viewed physician as active, powerful, knowledgeable, and in control of the care process. He/she is responsible for diagnosing the illness, deciding on what investigations to perform, providing the appropriate treatment, and assuring that treatment is carried out as prescribed3. The patient, conversely, is viewed as passive, accepting, compliant and dependent on the physician’s medical knowledge and goodwill1. They are expected to recover completely or have residual impairment.

In acute hospital settings, this model is ideal as it provides accurate diagnosis with the help of medical technology and effective treatment (pharmaceuticals or/and surgical…
Open Document