Medical Test with Answers Essay example

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HESI RN Practice Test - Comprehensive Test (125 Questions) A male client who lives in an area endemic with Lyme disease asks the nurse what to do if he thinks he may have been exposed. Which response should the nurse provide? A. Cover the ticks with oil to suffocate and kill them to prevent transmission. B. Look for early signs of a lesion that increases in size with a red border, clear center. Correct C. See a healthcare provider if nausea, vomiting, and joint pain occur after a tick bite. Incorrect D. Obtain early treatment with antiviral agents to prevent cardiac manifestations. The client should look for the early signs of localized Lyme disease known as erythema migrans, a skin lesion that slowly expands to form a large round lesion…show more content…
(B, C, and D) require only 15 to 20% more than the basic metabolic rate. Category: Fundamentals ¶ Preoperatively, a client is to receive 75 mg of meperidine (Demerol) IM. The Demerol solution contains 50 mg/ml. How much solution should the nurse administer? A. 0.5 ml. B. 1 ml. C. 1.5 ml. Correct D. 2 ml. To correctly tabulate this problem, use the formula: Desired/On Hand, Or the algebraic formula: 75: x = 50 : 1. 50x = 75 x = 75/50 or reduced to 1.5 ml (C). Category: Fundamentals ¶ The nurse is preparing to administer IV fluid to a client with a strict fluid restriction. IV tubing with which feature is most important for the nurse to select? A. Micro drop factor. B. Drop factor of 15 gtt/ml. C. An intact inline filter. D. A buretrol attachment. Correct A buretrol attachment is used to restrict the total volume of IV fluids that a client receives (D). (A and B) control the rate of administration, but not the total volume infused. (C) reduces the risk of infusion of particulates but does not control the volume infused. Category: Fundamentals ¶ Which action should the nurse implement when administering a prescription drug that should be given on an empty stomach? A. Administer after an eight-hour fast. B. Give one hour before or two hours after a meal. Correct C. Provide the dose after the client has missed a meal. D. Take with liquids, but no solid foods. When administering a drug on an empty