Medicine in Ancient Egypt vs Ancient Greece Essay

753 WordsMar 12, 20124 Pages
Ancient civilizations played a massive role in how physicians today practice medicine. Without the ideas of ancient Egypt and ancient Greece, modern medicine may have been different. I feel that these two civilizations are responsible for many diagnostic tools we use today. I will be comparing and contrasting the medicinal practices of ancient Egypt and ancient Greece. By reading various papyri we are able to dive into the Egyptian practice of medicine. These papyri explore various illnesses and their cures. Papyrus texts reveal that doctors had detailed knowledge of the various body systems. The knowledge of medicine, anatomy and the functioning of the human body has been attributed to the embalming procedures practiced by the…show more content…
Like that of Egypt, ancient Greece also believed in gods. Asclepius is the god of medicine and healing. Healing temples were built in Asclepius’ honor. People would flock to these healing temples because they believed that all of their illnesses would be cured. Greek physicians also believed in using magic and rituals and cure patients of sickness. In Greece, medicine and religion were strongly tied together. Hippocrates, known as “the father of medicine” wanted to separate medicine from the divine. He began to question patients to properly help them. Hippocrates would ask patients how they felt, he would check their symptoms and then diagnosis and treat them. He influenced our world of modern medicine because this is how physicians today treat patients. He also introduced case studies, which was the first step in modern medicine. Greeks also used various herbs to treat illness. Anise, a flowering plant, was used to help relieve women of menstrual cramps. Black hellebore was used to help treat paralysis and gout. Greeks also believed that we were made out of substances known as the four humors; sanguine (blood), choleric (yellow bile) , melancholic (black bile) and phlegmatic (phlegm). Greeks believed that if you were healthy, that was because your four humors were balanced. If you had too much of one humor, you would be unbalanced and you would feel ill. For example, if you has too much blood it would give you
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