Mediterranean Diet And Type 2 Diabetes

1924 Words8 Pages
Mediterranean Diet and Type 2 Diabetes Introduction The purpose of this article is to review the proposed health benefits of the Mediterranean diet to patients with Type 2 Diabetes through randomized clinical trials, and see if a cause ad effect relationship can be deduced. The cause and effect health benefits to Type 2 diabetics consuming a Mediterranean diet to be explored include improvement of blood glucose levels, hypertension, cholesterol, decrease in risk of cardiovascular disease, decrease in bodyweight for overweight individuals, decrease in inflammatory milieu. Review of Articles In the article “A low carbohydrate Mediterranean diet improves cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes control among overweight patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a 1-year prospective randomized intervention study”, 256 overweight type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to one of the three diets in a 12 month trail.^1 The three diets were low carbohydrate Mediterranean (LCM), a traditional Mediterranean (TM), and the 2003 American Diabetic Association (ADA) diet. All subjects were between the ages 30-65, had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), body mass index (BMI) 27-34 kg/m2, last HbA1c measurement 7–10%, last plasma TG level 1.8–4.5 mmol/l, last serum creatinine <123.2 µmol/l, and no change in diabetes medication for at least 3 months before entering the study. Prior randomization patients entered a 2-week maintenance period where the patients were
Open Document