Mediterranean Society Under Greek and Roman Influence Essay

855 Words 4 Pages
As the Greek and Roman empires ascended immensely throughout the western world, new ideas changed the way the Mediterranean Society handled things, which were spread across the globe. “The rise of the series of city-states of classical Greece began in the ninth century B.C.E. and during the late sixth century B.C.E, Rome’s development as a republic began as Etruscan society declined”(Bentley et al, 2008 p.132, 145). The development of these empires encouraged cultural circulation, blending the culture of the two empires into the land it conquered. As Greece and Rome gained more territory within the Mediterranean society, they began to progress toward a more civilized order of humanity. How were they alike? How were they different? How did …show more content…
Moreover, while the production and transportation of goods was influential to the trading industry, the Romans were able to expand their empire by conquering distant lands.
Differences of the Greeks and Romans
Despite all their similarities, The Greeks and Romans engaged in substantive culture differences. Their religions derived from a complex set of gods and goddesses, called deities, who were seen as regulating human life. Since the Romans embraced culture from the Greeks, many traditions were the same. However, the Greek and Roman culture, although similar, are very different and appealing. For instance, the Greeks did not acknowledge an all-powerful god; they believe that deities controlled everything that transpired on earth. In other words, the Greeks sought religious cults to explain the forces that shape the world (Bentley et al, 2008 p.143).
On the contrary, during the early days of the Romans history, they believed in Greeks philosophy as well. WGBH (2008) has noted, “that some Roman citizens were open-minded to deities from the ancient Greece”. Nevertheless, after observing the preaching of a new kind of faith called Christianity, voiced by Paul of Tarsus, a Jew from Anatolia, about Jesus of Nazareth, the Romans welcomed this new faith. According to (Bentley et al, 2008), Paul’s teaching was based on...”a sense of spiritual freedom...and spiritual equality of the sexes and that Christianity bestows an assurance of victory to those who
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