Meeting the Needs of Special Education Students Essay

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Special education falls under the broad category of exceptional learners. Exceptional learners range from students reading years behind grade level, to students reading years ahead. Within this broad spectrum, special education students are defined as individuals with special needs in a way that address the students' individual differences and needs. Through the use of inclusion classes, mainstreaming, and individualized education plans, the needs of each individual student are met. “Education of physically, mentally, and emotionally handicapped children in the United States, until the 1960’s was provided through a mixture of institutionalization, private tutoring, private schooling, or state-run schools for the handicapped” (Human and…show more content…
This act also allowed students with emotional disabilities to be placed in least restrictive classrooms. Classrooms with, for example, four students to one teacher derived from this procedure and allows more individual time for each student. By the 1990s, mainstreaming practices became more popular in the school setting. These integration classrooms often became the goal for many parents of special education students for academic success. Special education teachers use various techniques to promote learning. There are numerous classroom procedures to benefit the special education student, including mainstreaming, inclusion, and self-contained classrooms. Being more traditional of the three, the process of mainstreaming refers to the selective placement of a student in one or more “regular” classes. Students in these programs often interact with peers at lunch and on field trips. The goals of this process are that the student generally assumes responsibility for their work and strive to “earn” their opportunity. Rather than moving the student to the services, the term inclusion refers to bringing support services to the child. This process allows the student to benefit from being in the class, rather than having to compete with other students. The methods of the inclusion process tend to support newer forms of special education. Unlike standard classrooms with a large number of peers,
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