Essay on Memory Project

1498 WordsJan 31, 20156 Pages
Memory Project: Application to Learning & Study Habits Memory is the capability to learn, retain, store and remember information from previous experiences. Memories are accumulated from prior experiences and recollected, which can influence change of behavior or thought. This ability can assist with learning and adapting to new experiences. Memory is essential to our lives. Without a memory of the past we cannot operate in the present or think about the future. We would not be able to remember what we did yesterday, what we have done today or what we plan to do tomorrow. Without memory we could not learn anything. Short-term memory is information a person is thinking of at that specific time, it is also known as working memory…show more content…
Improving study habits may be accomplished by using both short and long term memory. In reference to (Morris & Maisto, 2014), two types of short term memory skills that can be useful are rote rehearsal and chunking. These methods can help hold more information in the short term memory, until they can be relocated to the long term memory. Rote rehearsal is repetition of information, such as using flashcards and saying them aloud. Another skill called chunking is the process of breaking down a large piece of data into smaller chunks to make them easier to comprehend and remember Long-term memory skills are also useful and include elaborative rehearsal, mnemonics and schema. Elaborative rehearsal is much like rote rehearsal except it is “linking new information in short-term memory to familiar material stored in long-term memory” (Craik & Lockhart, 1972, p. 193). In simpler words this means trying to relate the given information to something you already know. For example, using the acronym PEMDAS which each of the letters stand for a step in mathematics that you are supposed to follow in order which are Parenthesis, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Adding, and Subtracting; Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally. A Mnemonic is something which we can use to remember things much easier, according to (Morris & Maisto, 2014, pg. 193). As is often the case, it could be a phrase, a short song, or
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