Menopause And Cardiovascular Disease

Decent Essays
Menopause is a risk factor for CVD because estrogen withdrawal has a detrimental effect on cardiovascular function and metabolism. The menopause compounds many traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors, including changes in body fat distribution from a gynoid to an android pattern, reduced glucose tolerance, abnormal plasma lipids, increased blood pressure, increased sympathetic tone, endothelial dysfunction, and vascular inflammation. Cardiovascular risk is poorly managed in women, especially during the menopausal transition when susceptibility to cardiovascular events increases (pandey et al., 2012). Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in postmenopausal women .The mechanisms responsible
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