Mental Disorder:Schizophrenia

1328 WordsJun 19, 20186 Pages
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disease of the brain and is known as one of the most disabling and emotionally devastating mental disorders. It is accompanied by a variety of symptoms, such as distortion from reality, emotional, behavioral, and intellectual disturbances. It is somewhat common, with 1 to one and a half of the population diagnosed, but it is usually misunderstood by the public, which is why researchers have been trying to find the exact cause of this disease and how it can be treated so people affected are able to live a healthy lifestyle with this debilitating condition. The symptoms of schizophrenia may be looked at as positive or negative. People with positive symptoms often lose touch…show more content…
Someone who may have a history of psychiatric illnesses in their family , such as bipolar disorder, depression, etc, have an increased risk of developing schizophrenia themselves. A study performed on twins have shown that if one twin has schizophrenia, the other twin who has the same exact genes as his/her siblings, is only a 50%. Another study done in Finland stated that adopted children that had a higher risk of developing schizophrenia, eventually had an 86% lower rate of developing the disease when brought up in a healthy family. In the healthy family, 6% of children developed the disease, whereas in the dysfunctional family, 37% of children are affected. Environmental influences can range from three main types, fetal issues, drug use, and life experiences. Fetal issues deals with things that happen during pregnancy. For example, if a mother is malnourished, it can put the baby at a higher risk for developing schizophrenia in later life. Also high levels of maternal stress, low oxygen levels, and fetal infections can lead to a higher risk for schizophrenia. Another factor is drug use. Drug use is very common among the mentally ill, but it is unclear whether the high use of drugs by schizophrenics actually causes the disease or is a result of it. Schizophrenia is a life long condition, which usually is
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