Mental Disorders and Mentally Ill Offenders

2098 Words Feb 17th, 2018 8 Pages
A mental illness is a disorder that affects mood, thinking and behavior. Some examples include anxiety disorders, depression, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). A mental health concern becomes a mental illness when signs or symptoms cause regular stress and impacts the ability to function. A mental illness can led to being miserable and cause problems in day-to-day life such as relationship with others and work (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). Often, mental illness symptoms are handled with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. The symptoms and signs of mental illness differ depending on the disorder. Some signs include confused thinking, or alcohol/drug abuse (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). Throughout this paper, I will discuss what is currently known about mentally ill offenders based on the correlation between mental disorders and criminal activity. Since the 1970’s, severe mental illness has been increasingly linked to the criminal justice system (White et al., 2006). Recently, it was estimated that individuals with serious mental illness are 1.5 times likely to be incarcerated of their psychiatric disorders (Morgan et al., 2009). This statement is a long-lasting concern that individuals with serious mental illness represented disproportionately in the United States prisons. Local jails have replaced mental health facilities as primary providers of…
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