Mental Health : An Integral Part Of Everyone 's Health

1902 Words Aug 10th, 2014 8 Pages
Mental health is an integral part of everyone’s health and well-being. Mental health is affected by numerous factors in daily lives such as stress from work or school, relationships, and environment. The World Health Organization (1948) defines mental health as, “a state of well-being where the individual is capable of handling normal stressors of live, working productively, and contributing to his or her community.” A mental illness, or disorder, is characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, behaviour, or a combination of the three, where an individual has impaired functioning or distress. The Canadian Psychiatric Association (1996) explains that at the root of the impairment there are dysfunctional alterations in biological, psychological, or behavioral.
Mental illness results when mental health is affected by the complex interactions between the numerous factors and an individual’s genes. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DMV IV) by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) outlines mental disorders, characteristics of mental disorders, prevention, treatment, and diagnosing of mental disorders. Mental illness is a large issue in Canada’s society and government. 1 in 5 Canadians suffer from a mental disorder, this makes up 20% of Canada’s population but only 4% of Canada’s total healthcare budget is allocated to mental health (Teen Mental Health, n.d.). It is estimated that 10-20% of youths in Canada are affected by a mental illness (Canadian…
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