Mental Health And Developmental Disorders

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A 15 year-old Veronica is ½ Caucasian and ½ Cuban American. Her visits with a psychologist reveal some of her social environment history, cultural background, psychological stressors, and her current symptoms. This is her diagnostic case formulation. Thus, previously observed symptomatology by her mother and inferential information, related to culture and biological and social etiologies can be examined for diagnosing a psychological disorder. Accordingly, the diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013), along with the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC:0-3R), would be utilized for through evaluation of each aspect before accurately making a diagnostic decision. Conclusively, persistent depressive disorder with specifiers of melancholic features, early onset, and persistent major depressive episode, with moderate level in severity would be made for Veronica’s diagnosis. In other words, Veronica has an early onset of double depression with a severity level of moderate. Diagnostic Consideration According to the DSM-5, one of the key symptoms of persistent depressive disorder (dystheima) is depressed mood and, in particular, irritability in children and adolescents. Veronica’s irritability and anger can be traced from her own subjective report of irritable feelings without reason. Furthermore, Veronica’s frequent argument with her
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