Mental Health Issues And Its Effects Upon The Individual, Their Carers, Family and Friends (Schizophrenia)

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MHR1000 FOUNDATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: MENTAL HEALTH
Mental Health Issues And Its Effects Upon The Individual, Their Carers, Family and Friends
Summative Assessment

3299 Words

10th July 2013

Schizophrenia is a widely recognized chronic and severe psychiatric disorder which according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE, 2009) guidelines, affects one per-cent of the UK population. Schizophrenia can be classified as an overall category for the mental illness; however, diagnostic tools such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) reveal the variations of the psychiatric disorder. This essay will explore and
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In paranoid schizophrenia, signs and symptoms may vary in different cases however the common signs and symptoms include delusions and hallucinations. Negative symptoms include disorganised behaviour, the decline in function such as social withdrawal, apathetic, poor thought process and lack of self-care. Positive symptoms include disorganized speech which may also be associated with additional changes in behaviour such as neologisms, blunted affect, lack of emotion and apathy. Hoffman (citied by A.M.Kuller and T.Björgvinsson, 2010), reveals that during an acute episode, 60% to 80% of individuals affected by paranoid schizophrenia report experiencing auditory hallucinations. Statistics also reveal that 90 % of individuals affected by paranoid schizophrenia report experiencing delusions of either, persecution, grandeur, reference or control. (M.Smith and J.Segal 2013).
M.Bengston (2006) defines paranoid schizophrenia as the presence and dominance of auditory hallucinations and consistent delusional perceptions of persecution or conspiracy. Over the years, numerous researches have been conducted with the aim to establish the primary causes of the psychotic illness. The reasons and causes of paranoid schizophrenia remain relatively unclear, however, I.Peate and S.Chelvanayagam (2006, p145) states there is no definitive cause for the development of paranoid schizophrenia,

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