Mental Illness And The Barriers For Physical Activity

1600 WordsApr 24, 20177 Pages
Mental illness and the barriers for physical activity: Why is motivation a major limitation? Introduction Improvement in quality of life for people suffering from mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression) has recently been shown to have a correlation with increased levels of physical activity (1). Treatment approaches have begun to favor increased levels of physical activity to assist in symptom management as well as emerging evidence for an improvement in physiology (1). A major barrier for this approach however, is the motivation of people suffering from mental illness to participate in increased levels of physical activity. When compared to the general population, people suffering from mental illness have a…show more content…
Furthermore, strategies to improve motivation for physical activity for mental illness patients is limited. The aim of this study is to determine the major intrinsic barriers for physical activity in patients with mental illness through interview and questionnaire to determine the levels of self-efficacy, extrinsic and intrinsic motivation and readiness for physical activity. A cognitive behavioral approach will be adopted to further understand the motivational barriers which present themselves and to provide guidance to promoting physical activity through a mental health care unit. Current research for motivation towards physical activity is largely based on the general population or for patients who are suffering from cardiovascular disease with studies that include a motivational aspect which is not being based on the application to a theory (5). The application of a theory for motivation for physical activity in mental illness may assist in enhancing the participation in physical activity and ultimately improve the quality of life for patients suffering from a mental illness. However, for a theory to be developed, barriers to physical activity must be identified to ensure the efficacy of any developed or pre-existing theory that may be applied. The utilization of Grounded Theory in this research will assist in determining the appropriateness of current theories or the development of a new theory to enhance the motivation for physical
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