Mental Illness Refers To A Wide Range Of Mental Health

1742 WordsMar 31, 20177 Pages
Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health disorders that can affect mood, behavior, and cognition. Multiple factors such as genetics, environment and lifestyle can influence whether someone develops a mental health condition. “The four D’s” model is often used in psychiatry to distinguish normal from “abnormal” mental state. In other words, this model makes it easier to understand characteristics of people who have a mental disorder. The four Ds stands for behaviors or thinking processes that are dangerous, dysfunctional, and can cause distress and deviation from norm (Comer, 2013). It’s the dangerous aspect that needs to be brought to attention. Because people suffering from mental illnesses can be dangerous to self or…show more content…
As research continues to improve and provide more evidence in the field of mental health, society is becoming more accepting of new views on mental illnesses. Nevertheless, some people still stigmatize patients with mental health disorders. There are two types of mental health stigma: social stigma is the prejudicial attitudes and discriminating behaviors directed toward people with mental health problems, while self-stigma is the internalizing by the person with mental health illness of their perceptions of discrimination; perceived stigma can significantly affect feelings of shame and lead to poorer treatment outcomes. When it comes to social stigma, some believe that mental health illnesses are not real disorders because there are no medical tests that can confirm or disconfirm their presence. Others think that only weak people are affected by these disorders because there are unable to deal with everyday challenges, some even believe that people merely “fake” symptoms to attract attention (CCHRI, 2017). In addition, they might believe that people with mental illness can overcome it by thinking more positively. Unfortunately, even those who believe that mental illness is real, can still view symptoms of psychopathology as threatening and uncomfortable. Such attitudes frequently foster stigma and discrimination towards people with mental health problems. Studies have suggested that stigmatizing attitudes towards people with mental health problems are still
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