Mental Illnesses Were Not As Formalized As They Are Now

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Diagnosing mental illnesses were not as formalized as they are now. Now we can reference the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, also called DSM, for information on hundreds of mental disorders that are currently acknowledged today. There is still a lot of research being done to find out why certain people are afflicted with certain disorders. Some ideas are that the illness is passed along genetically; it is also considered that a personal event or trauma could spark a reaction leading to a disorder. Another idea is that some people are born with a predisposition to a mental illness but it will only affect their life if it gets impacted by something such as stress or a traumatic event. Researches into Robert’s symptoms and struggles have been conducted many times and some of the suspected disorders include: schizophrenia, schizoaffective, bipolar disorder, manic-depressive disorder, general motor paralysis, and syphilis. Schizophrenia is an illness that affects the brain chemistry and structure in such a way that they experience changes in how they think, manage emotions, make decisions, and relate to others. An individual with schizophrenia may experience psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized sleep, flat affect, loss of interest in life and activities, trouble organizing thoughts and remembering things, etc. Current treatment options may include medication, therapy, and psychosocial rehabilitation. (NAMI, 2015)

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