Mental Retardation And The Age Of 18

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MENTAL RETARDATION AND THE ABLITY TO LEARN

MENTAL RETARDATION [AN OVERVIEW]

WHAT DOES MENTAL RETARDATION MEAN?

To quote, “Mental retardation (MR) is a developmental disability that first appears in children under the age of 18. It is defined as a level of intellectual functioning (as measured by standard intelligence tests ) that is well below average and results in significant limitations in the person 's daily living skills (adaptive functioning.”

If a person has an Intelligence quotient or an IQ below 70 to 75 ,he or she is considered as mentally retarded. Mental retardation is basically a social problem.

A person with mental retardation has limitation in two areas:
• Intellectual functioning
• Adaptive behaviour

Mental retardation also known as intellectual disability stems due to varied reasons:
• Genetic conditions
• Problems during child birth
• Problems during pregnancy [excessive intake of alcohol]
• Injury or illness
• The cause is unknown in two third cases of all the people with mental retardation.[ Unknown factors]

If a person has an Intelligence quotient or an IQ below 70 to 75 ,he or she is considered as mentally retarded.

The development aspects of a child affected due to mental retardation are:
• Language ability
• Learning
• Attention
• Memory
• Emotional quotient
• Social skills.

We shall now see how the ability to learn is affected in the mentally retarded
LEARNING [AN OVERVIEW]

To quote, ”Any relatively permanent change brought about in
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