Metabolic syndrome Essay examples

4096 WordsOct 11, 201317 Pages
Running head: METABOLIC SYNDROME Metabolic Syndrome James Doucette College of Western Idaho Abstract Metabolic syndrome is an emerging diagnosis in the medical field that has effects on patient care. Becoming familiar with it and having it become a common part of patient care will, if used appropriately will increase the lives of those who have become affected with or are at risk of becoming diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risks factors of metabolic origin that are accompanied by the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. There are five major factors to look for; out of these five a person only needs three to be diagnosis with metabolic…show more content…
The underlying risk factors include obesity, physical inactivity and an atherogenic diet. The major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in this syndrome are smoking, hypertension, increased LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol, aging and a family history of coronary events. The emerging risk factors are increased triglycerides, small LDL particles, insulin resistance, a pro inflammatory and prothrombotic state as well as glucose intolerance. The combination of these factors in one person is a predictor of that person having a future cardiovascular event or the onset of type 2 diabetes (Meigs, 2010). With so many risk factors laying down a set of defined parameters can be daunting. It is no wonder researchers often argue over set guidelines. However with more and more people developing these problems, it is necessary to start somewhere. The World Health Organization (WHO) was the first to attempt to standardize the criteria 1998. "WHO published criteria to define the metabolic syndrome in an attempt to harmonize reporting of prevalence through epidemiologic studies. The criteria included a measure of insulin resistance, by a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or diabetes, obesity (BMI >30kg/m), hypertension (> 140/90 mm Hg), and microalbuminemia" (Gallagher, LeRoith, Karnieli
Open Document