Metafiction in Happy Endings

951 WordsNov 7, 20124 Pages
Metafiction Professor Bampton English 111E September 28, 2012 “Happy Endings” by Margaret Attwood, is an oddly structured, metafictional story, which includes a series of possible scenarios all leading the characters to the same ending. This paper will show how Happy Endings is a metafictional text. It will also explain which parts of the story are indeed metafictional. Metafiction is defined by “Dictionary.com” as, “fiction that discusses, describes or analyzes a work of fiction or the conventions of fiction”. Basically, this means that the author and the reader are both aware that the text is fiction, and are reminded of this by the techniques the author uses. There are many reasons that a particular text could be…show more content…
In her opinion, you can get rid of those cheesy, “deliberately fake” endings and the little details and still have a great story. Attwood doesn’t want the reader to look forward to what the ending is going to be while they are reading the story. The reader should be enjoying the story, not living for the ending. Attwood goes on to state how she feels about each part of the story. So much for endings. Beginnings are always more fun. True connoisseurs, however, are known to favor the stretch in between, since it's the hardest to do anything with. This clearly states how she feels about each part of the story. I believe this seems as if she is rejecting the conventional style of writing by thinking like this and incorporating it into her writing. This is yet another way the story is metafictional. Overall, I believe it is safe to say that “Happy Endings” by Margaret Attwood is a metafictional story. The story incorporates references from earlier in the text, guiding the reader to jump around, the author speaks directly to the reader, and the author clearly rejects the conventional writing style. These are a few of the many reasons that make this a metafictional text. And John and Mary continue their lives as in A, wait, I think I have read “Happy Endings” too many times. Works Cited Attwood, Margaret. "Happy Endings." The Story and Its Writer. Ed. Ann Charters. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2003. 54-56. Print.

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