"Metamorphosis" Alienation Essay

970 Words Jun 8th, 2013 4 Pages
" Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka
Alienation Essay

Alienation is the primary theme in Kafka's The Metamorphosis. Much of early twentieth-century literature makes as its basic premise that man is alienated from his fellow humans and forced to work in dehumanizing jobs in order to survive. There is no choice for most in this matter.

Gregor Samsa, the protagonist in The Metamorphosis, "awakes" from a "dream" to find he has become an insect. He wonders what happened, and tells himself it is not a dream. I think that is exactly what it is; a dream, or rather a nightmare. I think Samsa's feelings of isolation and alienation, from modern society and family, have caused him to lose touch with reality. Gregor's physical isolation from
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Gregor's life as an insect, or vermin, as he described himself, is a metaphor for feelings of alienation and isolation that existed long before his transformation. Gregor’s loss of humanity in the eyes of his family condemns Gregor into what he describes as an “imprisonment” that restricts him from any of the comforts and securities of human interaction.

The most significant consequence of Gregor's transformation is not his insect form, but actually his loss of language; without language, Gregor loses the power to express who he is and control his own life. http://www.shmoop.com/metamorphosis.

His family shuns him and will not look at him. In time, his family abuses him and keeps him in filth and debris, which is not only in his room, but clinging to his carapace. They also forget to feed him, or just kick scraps into his room. By showing how much Gregor's identity is affected by his treatment from family and others' treatment of him, the story shows how identity is socially constructed, rather than being an inborn trait. The devolution of Gregor's room from a human bedroom to a storage closet reflects how his connection to human society deteriorates as the story progresses.

The analysis that The Metamorphosis may be a warning that as time goes along society will steal our identities is a viable analysis. It can be
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