Metamorphosis Kafka Analysis

Decent Essays
The title of the story “The Metamorphosis”, by Franz Kafka is misleading. Merriam-Webster defines metamorphosis as the “change of physical form, structure or substance, especially by supernatural means, a striking alteration in appearance, character or circumstance”. While there is an obvious change in the appearance of the character Gregor Samsa, it becomes apparent after reading the story, that his appearance is not the only thing that transforms. In the story, Gregor wakes up one morning to realize that he has changed into a giant insect. Not only did he transform into a creature, but he was also stripped of his humanity. The author Franz Kafka uses this symbolism to focus the reader's attention on one character that mirrors himself and his life. Both Kafka and Gregor are traveling salesman from Prague, experience dysfunctional personal relationships throughout their life and suffer from psychological conditions including alienation and isolation. Franz Kafka’s life, a heartbreaking story of human conflict, parallels with the main character of metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa.
Franz Kafka was born into a middle class German-speaking Jewish family from Prague, Bohemia, now the Czech Republic. Although Kafka obtained a degree in law, he spent his short adult life working as a traveling insurance salesman. He considered this job as a “bread job”, a job performed to only pay bills. At the time Kafka wrote Metamorphosis he had been employed for four years. In parallel, Kafka’s main character in the Metamorphosis possessed a job as a traveling salesman for four years to pay off the family debt and support them. He is dissatisfied with his job, which is noted when he says” O God, he thought, what a demanding job I've chosen, day in, day out on the road…”(Kafka p.612). I have to deal with the problems of traveling, the worries about train connections, irregular bad food, temporary and constantly changing human relationships, which never came from the hear, To hell with it all!”(Kafka p.612). The metamorphosis of Gregor liberates him from his dreaded job, as well as, releases him from his financial obligation to his parents.
“Kafka’s writings are significantly influenced by his conflicted relationships with both his
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