Methods Of An Adult English As A Second Language ( Esl ) Classroom

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Introduction: The purpose of this paper is to explore the methods are used in an Adult English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom. I am interested in what types of activities facilitate students’ understanding, make students comfortable, and encourage student participation. I chose to concentrate on this aspect of second language (L2) learning because as a future teacher, I believe it is important to be mindful and use activities and interactions that appeal and are beneficial to all students. This study made me more aware of the interactions and activities used in the classroom. In order to narrow down the investigation, the following three research questions were formulated:
1. What methods are used in the classroom?
2. What activities are used in the classroom and what method do they align with?
3. Do students respond to some activities more than others?

Theoretical Context: There are many methods that have been formed regarding second language acquisition. According to Brown (2014), the communicative method “emphasizes authenticity, interaction, student-centered learning, task-based activities, and communication for real-world, meaningful purposes (369). A main tenant of the communicative method is second language acquisition transpires within a communicative environment. According to Brown (2014), the Total Physical Response is a method that “relies on physical or kinesthetic movement accompanied by language practice (382).” The main ideas of Total Physical

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