Methods of Data Analysis in Qualitative Research

1580 Words Feb 28th, 2011 7 Pages
15 Methods of Data Analysis in Qualitative Research
Compiled by Donald Ratcliff

1. Typology - a classification system, taken from patterns, themes, or other kinds of groups of data. (Patton pp. 393,398) John Lofland & Lyn Lofland Ideally, categories should be mutually exclusive and exhaustive if possible, often they aren 't. Basically a list of categories. example: Lofland and Lofland 's 1st edition list: acts, activities, meanings, participation, relationships, settings (in the third edition they have ten units interfaced by three aspects--see page 114--and each cell in this matrix might be related to one of seven topics--see chapter seven).

2. Taxonomy (See Domain Analysis - often used together, especially developing taxonomy from
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select semantic relationships prepare domain analysis worksheet select sample of field notes (statements of people studied) look for broad and narrow terms to describe semantic relationships formulate questions about those relationships repeat process for different semantic relationship list all domains discovered

10. Hermeneutical Analysis (hermeneutics = making sense of a written text) Max Van Manen Not looking for objective meaning of text, but meaning of text for people in situation. Try to bracket self out in analysis - tell their story, not yours. Use their words, less interpretive than other approaches. Different layers of interpretation of text. Knowledge is constructed – we construct meaning of text (from background and current situation - Social construction because of influence of others - symbolic interactionism) Use context - time and place of writing - to understand. What was cultural situation? Historical context. Meaning resides in author intent/purpose, context, and the encounter between author and reader - find themes and relate to dialectical context. (Some say authorial intent is impossible to ascertain.)

Videotape - probably needs to be secondary level of analysis. Get with another person who is using another method and analyze their field notes.

11. Discourse analysis (linguistic analysis of ongoing flow of communication)
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