Methods of Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

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When humans undergo traumatic events that threaten their safety and wellbeing, they may become vulnerable to nightmares, fear, excessive anxiety, depression, and trembling. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychological illness that results from the occurrence of a “terribly frightening, life-threatening, or otherwise unsafe experience” (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), 2012). This condition often leads to unbearable stress and anxiety. PTSD is significantly prevalent as indicated by data from the National Co-morbidity Survey which shows that at a particular time in their lives, 7.8% of 5, 877 adults in America suffered from PTSD (Andrew & Bisson, 2009). In the general population, the lifetime prevalence is estimated at 8%,…show more content…
In a nutshell, a patient undergoing therapy for PTSD is expected to explore feelings and thoughts related to the trauma, learning coping techniques, and deal with feelings of self-blame, mistrust, and guilt, and address relational and social problems (Smith & Segal, 2011).
The first method of treatment is trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy. In this method, a patient is gradually but carefully exposed to feelings, thoughts, and situations that trigger memories of the trauma. By identifying the thoughts that make the patient remember the traumatic event, thoughts that had been irrational or distorted are replaced with a balanced picture. Another productive method is family therapy since the family of the patient is also affected by PTSD. Family therapy is aimed at helping those close to the patient understand what he/she is going through. This understanding will help in the establishment of appropriate communication and ways of curbing problems resulting from the symptoms (Smith & Segal, 2011).
Patients with PTSD may also be put under medication in order to relieve secondary symptoms such as anxiety and depression. The most commonly used antidepressants for PTSD are Zoloft and Prozac. It is worth noting that though these medications may help in alleviating feelings of sadness and worry, they do not address the actual causes of the condition. The other method of treatment is Eye
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