Identify the different air mass types, their origins, and their characteristics There are five primary air masses in the earth’s atmosphere. They are polar, tropical, arctic, continental and maritime. Each have unique origins from around the world. These air masses have their own characteristics such as warm, cold, hot, dry and
1. Weather is the current state of the atmosphere. Climate is the long-term weather conditions for an area or region. Some examples of weather will be tornadoes, hurricanes and flooding. When it comes to climate common examples will be tropical, polar, marine, and Mediterranean. The difference between weather and climate is that climate is a long-term weather. We can say that climate is like the “official” weather of the region or country. For example, in Dominican Republic, our climate is tropical. On the other hand, weather is the current situation on the region or country.
Weather and climate are separate but related terms. The term weather refers to short-run atmospheric conditions that exist for a
6. What are some of the methods used to study weather patterns? Do you think the data collected can help to predict future climatic conditions?
There are three different weather bands in each hemisphere, they are trade winds, polar easterlies, and prevailing westerlies.
Meteorologist Meteorologists play an important in our society by giving us information on weather and how to protect ourselves against it. They make weather more able to read for us, who probably don’t know how to read data. In order to become an atmospheric scientist or “ meteorologist”, one must first understand the job description, education needed, salary, and opportunity for advancement.
On the morning of August 29th, 2005, and unimaginable event occured. The destruction this event would bring to the people of New Orleans, Louisiana was nothing that could be predicted. It was known as Hurricane Katrina. The Gulf Coast of The United States is where Katrina struck. When the storm first awoke it had been rated as a Category 3 Hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale or also referred to as SSHWS is what is used in the classification of hurricanes. This system differentiations tropical storm or tropical depressions into five different categories based on the level of their intensity of the winds. With reaching winds up to 140 miles per hour and width holding up at 400 miles wide from
A hurricane needs a couple of components to survive. One of them is warm water and the other is winds going the same direction. If a hurricane didn’t have either of those, it wouldn’t last very long or be destructive. Scientists categorize hurricanes by its wind speed using the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. There are 5 categories for a hurricane and each can do dangerous damage. A category 1 hurricane would have winds of 119 to 153 km per hour (or 74 to 95 mph). A category 2 hurricane would have winds going from 154 to 177 km per hour (96 to 110 mph). A category 3 hurricane has winds of 178 to 208 km per hour (111 to 129 mph). A category 4 hurricane has winds of 209-251 km per hour (130 to 156 mph). And finally, a category 5 hurricane has
Some of the duties that meteorology is done all around the world and most of the jobs they do has to deal with tornados, water spouts, or even hurricanes
Meteorologist A meteorologist's work falls into the two main categories of forecasting and research. The following is a job description from http://www.prospects.ac.uk/meteorologist_job_description.htm: “In weather forecasting, common tasks include: collecting data from satellite images, radar, remote sensors and weather stations all over the world; measuring factors such as air pressure, temperature and humidity at various
“Severe Storms: Measuring Velocity” by Greg Rosa taught me how to measure velocity and how it is used by meteorologists to keep track of storms around the world and sometimes even out of space. Until reading the book I had no idea what velocity was or even how to solve it. When I first started the book I was surprised by the formula to solve velocity, displacement divided by time equals velocity, and how it looked a lot like the formulas I have learned this year. But, as I continued reading I found out more about how this relates to weather and how it can be used to track storms and alert people to either stay inside or go out. The way velocity is used save tons of lives each year.
Climate is an atmospheric change in the average weather in an area over a period of
I am a freshman here at Central Michigan University, in Mount Pleasant, MI. I have gone through one semester of basic meteorology learning the basic aspects of how the atmosphere functions. In my short time in this major, I have quickly learned that everything effects everything. What I mean about that is that a system or a potential wave in the Southern Hemisphere will effect something in the Northern Hemisphere with similar affects. With it being an El Nino year, I learned the basic functions on how each tropic is effected with the constant flow of moisture at the equator. This opportunity will allow me to gain knowledge about atmospheric science where I will learn and use from for future meteorological job related positions. I am fortunate
Meteorologists are people who study the different things happening in the earth's atmosphere so that they can make predictions about the weather. They make use of advance equipment of all shapes and sizes to measure things like rainfall, air pressure, wind conditions and temperature. As weather is a complex thing, they would need to collect a lot of data to understand it properly. They carry out experiments before drawing conclusions about the weather. It must be exciting to have such a difficult but interesting
The atmosphere is a chaotic system, so small changes to one part of the system can grow to have large effects on the system as a whole. This makes it difficult to accurately predict weather more than a few days in advance, though weather forecasters are continually working to extend this limit through the scientific study of weather, meteorology. It is theoretically impossible to make useful day-to-day predictions more than about two weeks ahead, imposing an upper limit to potential for improved prediction skill.