Mexican American War Essay

4448 WordsApr 8, 201318 Pages
Introduction/Background The Mexican American War began on April 25, 1846. The war lasted two years losing many men on both sides. The Mexican war was the third major fought by the United States. In 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla triggers the beginning of Mexico’s fight for independence from Spain. Mexico gained its independence in 1821 after a long and bloody revolution against Spain. For Mexico, the war between them and the United States was a fight to keep their institutions and national integrity intact, to protect themselves from present and future aggressions by the Americans, but more than anything else, the war was a struggle for land. In the early days of the republic, most Americans made their living by farming, so in 1803…show more content…
Later in the month, 30 more swam the river. They formed the nucleus of a unit in the Mexican army which was known as the “San Patricio Brigade.” These soldiers would fight alongside Mexico in the war…they were soon captured by the U.S forces and branded with a “D” pm their faces for deserter and hanged on the gallows. On April 11 the Mexican troops stationed at Matamoros had welcomed a new commander and 2,000 more soldiers. On May 8, the Mexicans were all along the enemy line. When the two armies were only half a mile apart, Mexico fired with their big guns and cannons. The Americans quickly attacked the Mexican front line. Hardly either side used their bayonets, knives or bare hands. General Taylor’s army fought several battles south of the Rio Grande. He captured the important city of Monterrey and defeated a major Mexican force at the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847. President Polk remarked that he wanted, “a small war, just large enough to require a treaty of peace and not large enough to make military reputations. Scott and his army entered Mexico City on September 14, 1847. The fall of the Mexican capital ended the military phase of the conflict. President Polk’s goal was to create a threefold force: an “Army of the West,” to conquer New Mexico and California; an “Army of the Center,” to keep Chihuahua and northern Mexico under control; and an “Army
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