Microtia

2489 WordsAug 30, 201310 Pages
Microtia, a hearing disability SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues August 31, 2012 What is Microtia? Microtia is an ear deformity where “one ear is affected (unilateral Microtia) but in about 10 percent of cases, both ears are affected (bilateral Microtia). Approximately one in 6,000 to 8,000 babies are born with Microtia. “(Cedars-Sinai, 2012) Microtia atresia “is absence or underdevelopment of the ear canal and middle ear structures”(Burt,2011). Microtia normally presents its self as a congenital condition that occurs in utero where for some unforeseen reason one or more ears do not fully develop. The diagnosis process is immediately at birth during the cleaning process after birth while the nurses expel mucus and check…show more content…
The parent can deny any goal setting plans if they do not agree and the therapists will re-evaluate the goals until both parties agree. The sessions the child receives may be given at home or in a group setting outside of the home. When the child reaches the age of three, group settings outside of the home is given to help with socialization and focuses on speech. Hearing Aids Since hearing is either blocked or nonexistent, steps for types of hearing aids are available. There is Atresia repair which is a surgical procedure done as early as three years old on some candidates to reopen the canal to the inner ear. Some are ideal candidates while others are to wait and look at other hearing aids. Soft band bone conducting hearing aids that can conduct sound through the skull and deliver some sound to the inner ear through a head band can be introduced to a child as a newborn. The idea to have a child wear a hearing aid as early as six months is to introduce sound and language early. Cochlear implantation or BAHA (Bone Anchored Hearing Appliance) can be done at five years old. There is also the VORP(Vibrating Ossicular Prosthesis), or a Vibrant Soundbridge, which is a device that helps create the middle ear. However, implantation may not be needed if a functioning inner ear is detected. If an inner ear is detected in a MRI and the child shows signs of having a chance to regain hearing, surgery is
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