Middle Childhood

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Observation and Analysis: Ten Year Old Male In middle childhood, children continue to learn and build cognitive abilities as well as physical skills. During this stage, children go through growth spurts which include changes in height, weight, and increases strength and stamina. Many theorists developed many theoretical interpretations that will tie in the whole developmental status for middle childhood stage whether it is physical, biological, socio-emotional, or cognitive development. Sigmund Freud is one of the well-known theorist that identified the middle childhood as the “Latency stage” because the physical growth of a child at this stage is slow and at a steady pace. The subject of my middle childhood interview was Bryce, a…show more content…
According to Freud’s psychoanalytical theory, a person’s life is based on experiences and is composed of sequential stages therefore, this theory is discontinuous. Nature played a big role and is the primary reason for development which is based on satisfaction and needs to oneself. Another theorist comes into play when it comes to nature. Erik Erikson is a psychosocial theorist. He bases his theory on nature but he also included nurture. In Erikson’s view, he would say that Bryce belongs to the Industry vs. Inferiority stage. This is Erikson’s fourth developmental stage “Children now need to direct their energy towards mastering knowledge and intellectual skills” (Santrock, 2011). COGNITIVE INTERPRETATION Jean Piaget is one of the important influences when it comes to cognitive theory development. According to him, Bryce belongs to the Concrete operational stage, approximately from seven to eleven years old. In this stage, “a child can now reason logically about concrete events and classify objects into different sets” (Santrock, 2011). In this case, when I asked Bryce why praying is important, he gave me logical answer by saying: “I go to a catholic school and my teachers taught me how to pray and give thanks to papa Jesus”. “The child can think logically about very concrete objects, situations, categories, and principles” (Coon and Mitterer, 2010). Lev Vygotsky like Piaget, is another cognitive theorist. According to him, children actively
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