Middle Eastern Borders And The Middle East

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Middle Eastern Borders
The part of the Middle East being discussed involves the following: Iraq, Transjordan, Palestine, Syria and Lebanon. All of which were directly impacted by the borders which were set up by European countries in the early 20th century. The borders had benefits of course, but they also brought with them quite a few problems. While the Middle Eastern borders are important to dividing that part of the world into different countries, the borders seem to have brought with them a lot of problems that the people living in this part of the world have had to deal with. There are multiple factors involved with this topic, including a few treaties, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company and the start of World War I. The different treaties were the Sykes-Picot Agreement and the Balfour Declaration, both of which involved European countries deciding the future of these countries. All of these factors had a direct impact on the Middle East and had a lasting effect on the people who live in this area of the world.
The Sykes-Picot Agreement took place in 1916 involving the British and the French. Each nation sent a man, for the British it was Mark Sykes, and the French sent Francois Georges-Picot. During World War I, these men got together and hastily agreed upon a new map with the Middle East divided up into different countries which the British and French would control. The new map were drawn with entirely straight lines to divide up the countries (Question Sheet).

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