It is well-known that the health issue of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has been constantly discussed and analysed up to the present. Indigenous Australian experience poorer health outcome compare to other population in Australian, and also they experienced significantly higher rates of mental illness within their communities, and the suicide rate approximately more than double higher than for the general population (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare,2009). The purpose of this essay is to discuss the factor that associated with higher rate of mental illness and suicide behavior regard to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the concept of cultural, social and emotional well-being that triggers this phenomenon.
Racism in Australia has always been a controversial element of our country and still continues on in today’s society. Our nation is a bigot country, and the history of Australia shows it continuously has been. Racism majorly impacts the health of Indigenous Australians. The impacts reflect on the life expectancy and mental health of the Indigenous Australians who are then racially criticised in our health system. This paper will explore the impacts that racism in Australia has on Indigenous Australians within healthcare, the life expectancy and the mental health.
The film Clinica de Migrantes overall showed the injustice that immigrants face when they come to America. There is the belief that some people have of America being the melting pot where different groups of people can come together and become one. However, that belief is not true and
Better research on immigrant health and health outcomes would go a long way to shining a light on how to tackle these problems. The current debate in the research concentrates on social determinants of health such as acculturation, which of course influences a lot of other health and healthcare decisions made by immigrants. However, only focusing on social determinants of health undermines the importance of other factors that also heavily affect immigrant health in the United States. Specifically in the case of undocumented immigrants, the debate need to focus on systemic issues impeding access to healthcare as well as pre and post migratory social, political, and economic factors. Some examples that Martinez et al listed include, “specific environmental conditions such as pollution and contamination of water, as well as pre-and-post migration experiences ranging from rape, sexual assault, and abuse to extortion and several other specific geopolitical and economic factors” (966). Social strife, political persecution or famines are real problems that can affect an individuals’ health and specifically their mental health for the rest of their lives. Torres et al urge “those involved in public health research, policy, and practice” to
In a study conducted by the Pew Research Center, these 81 million residents are responsible for 5% of the labor force of the United States, the same work force that provides wage gains for native born Americans (Greenstone). Even with a prominent population, the struggles of immigrants go unheard. One such struggle that is silent among the voices of the nation are an immigrant’s struggle with mental health, and the limited accessibility to help asylum seekers have available. While it may seem to some that mental health of a non-citizen is not a responsibility of the host nation, it is actually true that the security of health is a right for all regardless of legal status because of the ethical, social and economic responsibilities we hold as a single human race.
PSTD among Latino Migrants Research indicates that immigrant groups are likely to develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) at varying degrees irrespective of whether they are voluntary migrants or refugees. However, refugees are known to suffer higher rates of mental health disorders ranging from PSTD to depression (Rasmussen et al., 2012). It is also known that refugees are likely to have more pre-migration risk for trauma than voluntary immigrants. Even though most refugees flee their home countries to reduce the risk of distress, research indicates that the well-being of such immigrants deteriorates with increasing time spent in the host countries
This study examines two important aspects of the mental and physical health of immigrants and this was referred to as the ‘healthy immigrant effect’. The article compares the mental health of immigrants and minorities in Canada to those who are Canadian (native born), or were brought to Canada at a young age. It shows that the mental health of Asians and Blacks was significantly better compared to their native born Canadian counterparts. Latin American men were also found to have better mental health compared to their native born Canadian counterparts. Even though mental health declines the longer they reside in Canada, evidence has suggested that living among your community is a factor that helps immigrants’ mental health. The weakness in
It is very difficult for someone to leave their place of origin and arrive to the United States, in a melting pot of different cultures. Based on the module readings and the documentary, “Lost in Detention”, immigrant’s experiences many physical and mental damages to their health, which can make their new life in America, a negative, rather than a positive. Immigrants arrive to the country in overall relatively good health (in comparison to natives) and with a hopeful attitude. After a few years, immigrants began to suffer depression, anxiety and poor health due to the conditions that they are presented with.
New immigrants expect and usually face numerous challenges prior to and after arriving at their new home country. A recent comprehensive review of the health of immigrant youth in Canada revealed that immigrant youth experiences stress as they leave familiar settings behind and struggle to acculturate to their new country of residence (Salehi, 2010). Research has shown that immigrant youth have higher rates of mental health issues related to negative migration expeirences. In addition, immgirants are at an increased risk for secondary school dropout as they face greater obstacles compared to native youh in academic success (Anisef, Brown, Phythian, Sweet, & Walters, 2010). Thus, there is a need to aid immigrant youth in its transition and assimilation process to reduce the likelihood of negative
A big part of understanding immigrant health is to make sure you know how it is determined by structural concepts. There are three types of concepts, the social determinant of health, structural violence, and structural vulnerability. The first being the social determinants of health, a key concept in public health,
The history of the Australian mental health system dates back as far as the early settlers, with asylums and institutions being commonplace (Willis, E, Reynolds, L, Keleher, H 2013). By the 1950s deinstitutionalization was becoming a common occurrence, which led directly to the more recent community-based services being developed. Mental healthcare began shifting from custodial care in institutions to supporting patients returning to the community (Willis, E, Reynolds, L, Keleher, H 2013). Although, the Australian government has strived to create a comprehensive mental health service there are still many concerns. There is also a long history in regards to Australian rural and remote health, although, the magnitude of issues occurring in this sector took some years to surface. History shows us that significant concerns first started to emerge during the 1970s. The issues were confronting and required the Australian government to urgently address the myriad of health issues occurring in regional areas. Two of the main concerns transpiring in this area were relating to indigenous health and misuse of drugs and alcohol. As a result, countless rural health initiatives and projects were funded in order to address rural issues. Unfortunately, the health and wellbeing in these communities still remains significantly poorer then their city counterparts (Willis, E, Reynolds, L, Keleher, H 2013).
Introduction Culture can be defined as “the set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors shared by a group of people, but different for each individual, communicated from one generation to the next”. From this culture can be viewed as dynamic and individuals can change cultures. In this modern age where
Linguistic, ethnic and religious diversity of Australia is continuously growing and overseas migrations now taken a huge part, approximately two-third, of Australia’s population growth in 2013. While settling in different country, adopting a new lifestyle and different culture would be a big challenge for the refugees and migrants. Thereby, they are at high risk of developing mental health issues through the whole process of resettlement as a result of the barriers of accessing psychological and physical supports, language problems, cultural isolation due to relocation and sudden changes in socioeconomic status. (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2014; Government of Western Australia, 2017).
Research by Finch et al. (2004) used cluster sampling to analyze the health effects of acculturation stressors in Fresno, California within a pool of 1,001 migrant farmworkers. This article examines the effects of stress, acculturation, exclusion and the effects of discrimination on the health of these migrant workers. The research team used self-rating of mental health and on their physical health. Acculturation stress had a big impact on the health of the participants, the more time these individuals spent in the U.S the lower the self-rating of their health that was reported. Similarly, legal status acculturation stress is related to poor mental health among migrant workers. (Finch et al. 2004). The amount of discrimination the individual
The Effect of Stress on the Mental Health of Immigrants This cultural psychology course paper aims to discuss and analyze a topic of particular importance. Specifically, the focus of the paper will be on the effect of stress on the mental health of immigrants, which is a particularly relevant and important topic on which to gain more insight within the context of Canada’s increasingly diverse society. Accordingly, it is integral that psychology be able to better understand and accommodate the needs of various people from different cultural background that have a different set of needs based on these different environmental factors.