Migration Of The United States And Mexico

1767 WordsAug 14, 20168 Pages
Migration constitutes a salient component of relations between the United States and Mexico, and thus sets the tone of that relationship. Since the late 1970s, U.S. policy has reduced efforts to accommodate Mexican migration while concentrating on how to hinder it. Since that time, the United States has greatly reduced the proportion of Mexicans allowed to travel within the law to this country either temporarily or permanently. American immigration policy thus has a key function in the migratory flow by deciding the number entering and the way they do so whether via legal or illegal means. And the confluence between regulations and economic considerations also shapes the number and skill set of migrants from Mexico to the U.S., which consequently impacts government outlays and labor demand. For example, a bilateral agreement beginning in 1942 known as the Bracero Program codified the variable and provisional character of worker migratory flows from Mexico. In the process, the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service essentially overlooked undocumented work, particularly in regard to Mexican labor harvesting crops in the United States. When the U.S. terminated this program in 1964, nearly 5,000,000 workers from Mexico toiled in this country performing transitory labor. In addition, at the point that visas for bracero workers could not keep up with the demand in the agricultural labor market, more and more employers instead actively sought out and hired undocumented

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