Mikhail Gorbachev´s Glasnost and Perestroika Policies Contribution to the Collapse of the USSR

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The purpose of this investigation is to assess how significant Mikhail Gorbachev’s Glasnost, and Perestroika polices contribute to the collapse of the USSR. In order to understand how significant of a factor Gorbachev policies were to the collapse of the USSR, we will investigate from how significant were the reforms emplaced by Gorbachev, to how the USSR was doing economically from the time Gorbachev came into power. The main sources for this investigation range from an Excerpt from The cold war: The United States and the Soviet union by Ronald Powaski who states facts about both the economic and political issues of the time. Excerpts from “New political thinking” from perestroika by Gorbachev which states how he believes new political…show more content…
Mikhail Gorbachev therefore tried to make changes in soviet domestic and foreign policies even abandoned long-held Marxist principles, in an attempt to reverse economic and social decline of the USSR. He initiated economic reforms like perestroika and permitted greater freedom of expression, glasnost to try to overcome hard-line oppression. Gorbachev realized that west and the USSR would continue to have different approaches to specific situations. He also realized that it was no longer possible to draft a policy on the premises of the year 1947 and that the country need to act in a new way. Gorbachev believed that Perestroika was needed to normalize life and bring the Soviet Union and its people into the modern technological age. Perestroika was emplaced to permit individual soviet enterprises to make their own adjustments which meant it would improve the quality of soviet goods and change the product mix to meet current demands, and help out the economy.4 Eventually Gorbachev created a reform policy known as Glasnost which also affected the economy. Gorbachev was eager to take notice of the human element in the industry, which meant listening to what ordinary workers wanted and how they were treated. This new freedom extended to other areas of society as well. Censorship rules were relaxed, and writers and journalists were encouraged to discuss how they felt about or saw the Soviet future. It even allowed certain things like

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