Milgram 's Theory Of Obedience Experiments

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Introduction Stanley Milgram was a Yale psychologist that is famous for conducting the obedience experiments in 1961. Milgram had conducted a series of experiments during the 1960s that were related to obedience. The results of these experiments had demonstrated a disturbing yet powerful view into the power of authority that can exert from it some sort of obedience. Milgram’s experimentation had begun in 1961 after the trail of Adolph Eichmann has started slightly after World War II. Milgram was inspired by Eichmann’s defense’s premise that the man was simply following orders that resulted in the death of millions of Jews. Milgram conducted the experiment with the participation of forty men that were recruited through newspaper advertisement. Milgram had used paid participation method in which participants were paid a sum of $4.50. Milgram was to use a shock generator that started with 30 volts and increased with 15 volts up to the maximum of 450 volts. The main switches were labeled with terms such as: slight shock, moderate shock, danger, severe shock, and XXX. The participants were named as teachers who were to deliver a shock to students as punishment for incorrect answer to questions. The teacher participants had believed that they were delivering shock to students, but in actuality there was a bit of deception as students were just pretending to be shocked. With the progression of the experiment the teachers would hear the pleas of their participants to be released,
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