Military And Military Structure In The High Middle Ages

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Military and Political structure in the High Middle Ages
The High Middle Ages were marked by the rise of feudalism, the collapse of great empires, such as the Carolingians, and the increased threat of barbarian attack on the civilian populace. The feudal system, marked by increased isolation among populations, led to the invention of new military tactics and weapons to wage war with among the states and nations of Europe. The new style of leadership and new weapons and tactics all played a part in the largest conflict of the High Middle Ages, the Crusades.
Feudalism proved to be the dominant system during the High Middle Ages. Kings granted the lord's land, a fief, in return for the lord’s allegiance and assistance during wartime. The lord employed serfs, or peasants, to work and farm the land in return for shelter and a small portion of the harvest. The lord also usually employed soldiers, knights, to protect the village. These small groups of soldiers were much more effective at fending off the waves of barbarian attacks, as it was easier to send many small groups of troops to each barbarian attack, rather than sending one large force to attack each, as had been done by Rome in centuries past. The decentralized nature of feudalism provided a way for kings to protect their often remote and sparsely populated villages without a large military force. It also provided the king a great deal of flexibility over his armies, as he could split up his forces among each battle.
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