Military Interventions During Latin America

1363 WordsFeb 4, 20166 Pages
BA Military Interventions in Latin America During the 1960s and 1970s in Latin America, countries like Argentina, Brazil, and Chile all experienced some sort of authoritarian regime. According to O’ Donnell this new type of bureaucratic authoritarian military regime left many political scientists puzzled because of its quick ability to take over these countries. His prediction of what would happen to these countries were astonishing because it was pretty accurate. Larger countries in Latin America such as Argentina, Brazil, and Chile presented perfect examples why these countries failed during this time and led to bureaucratic-authoritarian military interventions. Military threats, economic crises, weak politics, and failing government…show more content…
Argentina, Brazil, and Chile faced a lot of difficulties during these times of military interventions. These countries were very poor, income was unequally distributed, they suffered abusive and incompetent governments. Industrialization exposed these countries because it got the working class people involved and active in the democratic governments. Many features of the ISI policies hurt and caused the recurrent economic difficulties. Although these ISI policies were ineffective people still were voting to keep them in place. The political leaders felt that the ISI was most effective even though the economy proved otherwise. This made military leaders upset and want to change most institutions. In this time period when militaries took over their intent was to remain in power indefinitely. In the past these military regimes usually would take over the government, force the person in charge to be replaced and then they would then leave. However, during the 1960s and 1970s these military imposed a bureaucratic authoritarian system and kept it running as long it needed. They were very repressive and pursued to make radical changes to ISI and the political system. O’Donnell argued that industrialization in a dependent developing country leads to; exhaustion of the easy state of industrial development, growth and political activation of the working class, and increased number of technocrats. The interaction of the working class caused the
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