Military Service At The Civilian Job Market

2048 Words Oct 18th, 2016 9 Pages
Over 300,000 depart military service each year and enter the civilian job market (Faurer, Rogers-Brodersen, & Bailie, 2014). Though the number of departing service members may seem sizeable, for perspective, the percentage of the United States population currently serving in the military is a mere 0.4%, or 1.3 million people (Defense Manpower Data Center, 2016). According to Faurer, Rogers-Brodersen, and Bailie (2014), the downsizing of military operations in both Afghanistan and Iraq hit the military services hard when congressional lawmakers swiftly started cutting budgets. As a result, and what Neuberg (2003) described as the fundamentally deterministic nature of cause and effect, the number of veterans entering the civilian job market increased.
Over the past 70 years, the United States averaged around $500 billion per year in defense spending as measured in constant Fiscal Year (FY) 2016 dollars, and historically, 20% of that number goes towards military personnel, while another 10-15% goes towards the associated training costs of those personnel. Additionally, defense and military build-ups for the Department of Defense (DoD) are historically common in times of unrest; peaking at $648 billion in FY 1952 for the Korean War; $566 billion in FY 1968 for the Vietnam War; $599 billion in FY 1985 during the Cold War; and FY $771 billion in 2008 for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Consequentially, after each war or prolonged conflict, defense spending historically…
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