Military Veterans And Military Culture And How Does It Affect The Therapeutic Alliance?

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Do Military Veterans Feel that Civilian Psychologists are Competent in Military Culture and How does this Affect the Therapeutic Alliance?
Jacklyn Carney
Adler University

Do Military Veterans Feel that Civilian Psychologists are Competent in Military Culture and How does this Affect the Therapeutic Alliance?
Introduction
According to the National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics (2014), there are currently an estimated 19.4 million veterans, of which 1.6 million are women. Eight percent of the US population has served in the US military and 33% of the US population is directly related to someone who has served (Meyer, Writer, & Brim, 2016). Many returning service members face complex mental and behavioral health challenges in readjusting to life after deployment (American Psychological Association [APA], 2016a). Data indicate that one-third of returning Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) service members have reported symptoms of mental-health or cognitive problems (APA, 2016a). This includes concerns of suicidal ideation, posttraumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, military sexual trauma, adjustment disorders, substance use disorders, depression, and anxiety disorders, among others. As OEF and OIF deployed service members continue to return home with high rates of mental health disorders, there are concerns regarding the availability and adequacy of mental health

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