Miller Vs. Johnson Case

707 WordsDec 14, 20153 Pages
Miller v. Johnson 1995 was a United States Supreme Court Case that decided whether racial gerrymandering was unconstitutional or not. This issue was very controversial, but before being able to understand how the case affected the use of racial gerrymandering, one has to understand what gerrymandering is. Every state is made up of different districts, and each district is entitled to their own votes when it comes to elections. Gerrymandering is the manipulation of district boundaries in a way that creates a political advantage in elections by putting a large group of people who are likely to vote for a certain party in one district. In the case of Miller v. Johnson 1995, only one congressional district in Georgia was primarily African-American between 1980 and 1990. However, in 1990, Georgia’s black population was at 27%, and many African-Americans felt that they were being underrepresented. Georgia’s General Assembly was prompted to re-draw district boundaries in such a way that the black population would be more represented in terms of electoral votes. Two drafts of boundaries were created that were subsequently denied by the Justice Department. Finally, a draft was approved and an additional black-majority district was created. However, the new plan was considered an abomination due to the way that it was geographically positioned. The third district alone split eight counties and five municipalities and covered a territory of approximately 6,784 square miles. It
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