Millions are Affected by Insomnia

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Insomnia is one of the sleep-wake disorders and affects millions on a daily basis. Individuals affected by insomnia can have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, and/or having non-restorative sleep. According to the American Psychiatric Association, insomnia symptoms are reported by one-third of all adults and 10-15% of those adults experience daytime impairments related to insomnia while 6-10% of them actually meet the criteria for insomnia disorder (2013, p. 364-365). The occurrence of insomnia is more prevalent in women, older adults, shift workers, those of lower socioeconomic status, and “those with poor physical and mental” (Morin, 2010). It can result from several causes, some of which include life stressors such as divorce and job loss, other psychological or medical disorders, environmental changes, and age. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), medication, or a combination of the two is used in treating insomnia. There are three types of insomnia: transient, acute, and chronic insomnia. Transient insomnia is very mild, lasting for a very short period of time, and can occur due to small stressors or changes in the individual’s environment. Transient insomnia is easily resolved once the stress is alleviated or removed. Acute insomnia commonly stems from stress and dissipates once the stressor has been removed (Yang, Lin, & Cheng, 2013). Chronic insomnia has a longer duration as sleep patterns do not normalize due other processes interrupting the individual’s sleep

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