Mindfulness Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

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It is hypothesized that when the subject implements the mindfulness intervention she will experience less rumination. In other words, by improving the participant’s self-care routine we will also improve her SWB.
Mindfulness therapy falls under the umbrella of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT is an evidenced based treatment that was derived as a way to treat individuals who are at risk for emotional dysregulation on a more long-term basis (Craighead, 2016). Mindfulness includes education about the client’s illness, meditation techniques and drawing a connection between specific thoughts and feelings. This is all done in an effort to teach individuals to more routinely notice their thoughts and avoid rumination and negative thinking patterns that can lead to feelings of negative self-worth, guilt and excessive self-criticism (Williams & Kuyken, 2012). According to research from six randomized controlled trials with a total of 593 participants Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Behavioral therapy was shown to reduce relapses of depression in 44% (Williams & Kuyken, 2012).
Rumination is considered a negative attentional focus on the origin and ramifications of emotions which lasts for an extended amount of time ( Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991). Rumination is often correlated with symptom of depression and anxiety. Specifically, rumination is operationalized as repetitive and intrusive thoughts about a previous personal experience. The rumination period can last anywhere from a day
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