Miranda V Arizona

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Miranda v. Arizona: Half a Century Later by: September 2nd, 2014 I. INTRODUCTION A. Executive Summary – In 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court deliberated the case Miranda v. Arizona the most important aspect of due process and criminal procedure ever affecting law enforcement and prosecutorial conduct of an investigation. The main issues in this case were: * The admissibility of a defendant’s statements if such statements were made while the defendant was held in police custody or deprived of freedom of movement in a significant way; * What procedures were required to guarantee the defendant’s privilege against self-incrimination according to the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution? This case is considered the…show more content…
In 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court was seeking one or more cases similar to Escobedo v. Illinois to clarify their position, as its opinion in that case raised many issues regarding the safeguards and extent of such decision. Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the majority’s opinion and Justices Clark, Stewart, White, and Harlan presented three separate opinions. In the Court’s opinion of this case, it discussed the legal basis for their decision, emphasizing the need for changes away from the traditional rules of custodial interrogation. This landmark case in criminal procedure was marked by great public criticism for the liberal stance shown by the U.S. Supreme Court. It ensures defendant’s rights to what many people regarded as opening the door to convicted criminals to escape punishment through “technicalities”. III. PROFESSIONAL OPINION – In Miranda v. Arizona the prosecution focused on the defendant’s history with law enforcement to support their claim that Miranda’s confession was offered knowingly. At the time, Escobedo was the only similar case regarding defendant’s rights and was specific about the right to counsel. Meanwhile in Miranda’s case, his main failing was being unaware of the consequences of confessing to a crime while under pressure or coercion of the police. The decade of 1960 has been known for its great civil unrest in the United States. The ACLU (American Civil Liberties

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