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| | | | Assess the Significance of the Great Revolt of Jerusalem and the Siege of Masada
Historical Investigation |
Table of Contents Preamble 1 The Revolt 1 Masada 3 Significance 4

Historical Investigation
Figure 1 (below) Source: http://www.jewishagency.org/NR/rdonlyres/0A8F1B8A-9FBC-49D6-B0DB-028F98B26762/46399/jlm21.jpg
The great revolt of Jerusalem and the siege of Masada has had a significant impact on many people of different nations for centuries. In 63 B.C.E, the Great Revolt begun when Rome occupied Israel. Life under the Roman rule was harsh. Various factors influenced The Great Revolt. Three main elements in particular played a huge role in influencing the revolt. These were taxes, the
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Instances such as exposing themselves in their temple, stealing silver from the temple and burning the Torah scroll occurred. Such harsh actions against the Jews would have greatly influenced the Great Revolt.
As a result of all these evils made against the Jews, a group called the “Zealots” formed. This group arose in the beginning of the Common Era made up of individuals who were Jews, fed up with the cruelty of the Romans and mistreatment of their people. These anti-Roman rebels ignited the Great Revolt. Josephus wrote about the Zealots. He said:
“For Zealots they called themselves, as if they were devoted to good works, not zealous for all that was vile, vile beyond belief” (Wars IV.161).
Josephus Jewish Antiquities states that there were three main Jewish sects at this time, the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the Essenes. The Zealots were a "fourth sect", founded by Judas of Galilee and Zadok. This group believed that God was to be their only Ruler and Lord and so should not be ruled over by the Romans. Thus, after many years of suffering, the Zealots finally took action and revolted against the Romans, beginning the Great Revolt.
In the year 66, Florus, the last Roman procurator, stole vast quantities of silver from the Temple. The outraged Jewish masses rioted and wiped out the small Roman garrison stationed in Jerusalem. Cestius Gallus, the Roman ruler in neighboring Syria, sent in a larger force of soldiers. The Jewish insurgents, however, routed

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